THE THEORETICAL ROOT OF MERIDIANS (CHANNELS) AND ENERGY
An ancient Chinese adage says: 'A tree grows from the roots.' Yin and yang and the Five Elemental Energies form the main roots in the Taoist tree of health, and the entire edifice of traditional Chinese medicine and physiology is based upon the foundation of these energy principles.
The Five Elemental Energies and their cycles provide a practical working model through which the interrelationships between the human body and the natural environment may be understood and controlled. They also illuminate the internal functional relationships between the body's various vital organs and explain how external elements such as foods and medicinal herbs influence the organs and their functions. All aspects of human health, including physiology and pathology, diagnosis and therapy, are rooted in this remarkably reliable system of polar forces and cyclic energy transformations.
The traditional Chinese view of human physiology differs significantly from the Western view in that the Chinese have always focused attention on the function rather than the form of the vital organs. The Western medical practice of studying human physiology based upon anatomical locations of various organs as revealed in dissected cadavers makes no sense to Chinese physicians, because cadavers have no living energy and their organs are not functional. How can a dead body reveal anything significant about the dynamics of living energy? Furthermore, in addition to their biological functions and anatomical locations, the Chinese concept of 'organs' also includes the specific type of energy that infuses each organ, as well as the energy meridians that channel organ energies to and from other parts of the body.THE CONCEPT OF HUMAN ORGANS (ZANG & FU) IN TCM
Over the ages, Chinese physicians discovered two fundamental principles which govern the vital organs and regulate their functional relationships. The first principle is that all the major organs are called zang or 'solid' organs and are involved primarily in functions of 'collecting and storing'. The matching yang organs are called fu or 'hollow organs' and deal mainly with functions of 'movement and transformation'. There are six zang and six fu, matched in six yin/yang pairs, and each one is regulated by one of the Twelve Major Meridians. The second principle is that each of the six pairs of organs is governed by one of the Five Elemental Energies, with Fire controlling two pairs. The creative and control cycles of these energies orchestrate the functional relationships between the organs and determine how external environmental energies influence internal conditions. Internal conditions are in turn reflected externally by the color, tone, and texture of 'the five apertures and five tissues', such as eyes and ears, skin and hair, which thus provide handy tools for diagnosing disease.
In the Chinese system, everything ultimately boils down to energy, a view which modern Western physics is beginning to verify. Therefore, the Chinese approach to human health and physiology accounts not only for the effects of obvious visible substances such as microbes and toxins, blood and bile, but also for the invisible and even more pervasive influences of emotions and energies that have a direct impact on the human energy system. As the energy therapist Dr. John Veltheim puts it: 'Science tells us that everything is energy and that matter is nothing more than energy in a different form.' The Five Elemental Energies and their cycles provide an intelligible formula for diagnosing and correcting the energy disorders that lie at the root of most human ailments, and for taking preventive measures to avoid such disruptions before they occur.
Since the Chinese view differs so significantly from the conventional Western view of human physiology, a brief review of each of the twelve vital organ systems and their functions according to traditional Chinese medical practice is in order here, so that Western readers may gain a proper working perspective on the subject. We'll run through the organs according to the Five Elemental Energies, first describing the associated 'solid' yin organs, then its 'hollow' yang partner. The front and medial aspect of the body is Yin, while the back and lateral aspect of the body is Yang (the Stomach meridian is the only Yang meridian located on the front of the body)
The below chart illustrates where the meridians begin and end on the surface of the body, not showing the exact paths they take. It also shows the 24 hour cycle which takes place in the body. For every two hours throughout the day, one organ-channel is at it's peak, while the organ opposite of that hour (ie, bladder/lungs) is at it's low. People who are sensitive enough to energy, always know the time of day just by feeling the constant shifting of energy in the body.
The external trajectories of the Twelve Primary Channels either begin or end on the hands, feet, chest, and head.
HOW ACU-POINTS ACHIEVE THERAPEUTIC
The meridians themselves do not begin or end on the outside of the body, but originate deep within the organs and the vital energetic centers (Chakras) of the body. So, by modifying the energy of a point just underneath the surface of the skin, we are modifying the energy deep within the body. The acupuncture or 'tsubo' points are like signal boosters and amplifiers along a telephone line (meridians) which interact with energy inside and outside the body. These tsubos are also major connection points for numerous pathways of energy where energy sinks into and flows out from the body. They also serve as psychic channels interacting with the outside world. A point itself can be seen as a tiny electrochemical 'organ' which serves as a gateway and storage house for all types of mind-energy, constantly "working" to maintain homeostasis. Almost all of the classical acupuncture points have been detected with modern GSR devices and radioactive isotopic tracing and proven valid, some more strong than others. Along with many other points unrecognized by classical texts, about 700 of these vital energetic 'holes' have been detected, and many more are physically apparent (skin pores, hair follicles, sweat glands, eyes, ears, nose, mouth, anus, urethra).
It can also be seen that the Chakras are
like giant tsubo points. Notice the similarity of the above picture
to the one on ther right. It can be considered that the size and
collective function of a major acupuncture point can be compared to, for
example, the size and collective function of a major city on planet
Earth. The Chakras, in relation to this, would be like the size and
collective function of an entire country or the Earth (organism) as a
whole. These "giant tsubos" relate to the functions carried out in those
particular areas of the body, and are also associated with some of the
most important acupuncture points located along the Conception and
EXERCIES BASE ON THE MERIDIAN
There are a variety of exercises which can be done to strengthen and tonify the organs. One set of exercises, known as the Six Healing Sounds, works through the use of sounds which resonate with the different organs. There are also energetic exercises called Chi-Gung exercises which focus on harmonizing the energy of the individual organs and the organism as a whole. Another way to do it is by stretching.
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